• Biography

Malcolm X was known as an African-American civil rights leader and political commentator. He is most famous for being a key figure in the Nation of Islam as he spoke about black pride nationalism.



Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm was the fourth of eight children born to Louise, a homemaker, and Earl Little, a minister who was additionally a functioning member of the local chapter of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and ardent supporter of black nationalist Marcus Garvey. Because of Earl Little's social equality activism, the family was exposed to constant visits from racist groups including the Ku Klux Klan and one of its fragment groups, the Black Legion.


By the mid 1960s, Malcolm X had developed as a main voice of a radicalized wing of the Civil Rights Movement, presenting a philosophical option in contrast to Martin Luther King Jr's vision of a racially-incorporated society accomplished by peaceful methods. Dr. King was profoundly condemning of what he saw as Malcolm X's violent leadership.

As Malcolm X appeared to dramatically change the course of the Civil Rights Movement, he was killed. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X made that fateful appearance for a speech at the Audubon Ballroom in northern Manhattan. He had quite recently started tending to the room when different men surged the stage and started shooting firearms. Struck various times at short proximity, Malcolm X was announced dead but his legacy of black pride and civil rights lived on.

Personal Life


During her second year of nursing school, Betty Sanders was welcomed by a medical caretaker's assistant to an evening gathering at the National of Islam sanctuary in Harlem. She appreciated the night yet declined to join the association around then. During her following visit to the sanctuary, Sanders met Malcolm X, who was her companion's clergyman. Sanders started going to Malcolm X's administrations. She changed over to the group in 1956, changing her surname to "X" to speak to the loss of her African family line.

Betty X and Malcolm X were married on January 14, 1958, in Michigan. The couple eventually had six little girls. In 1964, Malcolm X reported that his family was leaving the Nation of Islam. He and Betty X, presently known as Betty Shabazz, progressed toward becoming Sunni Muslims.

Shabazz never remarried after Malcolm died. She brought up her six girls alone, supported by yearly funds from her better half's book The Autobiography of Malcolm X and different productions.  

Date modified: Aug 9, 2020
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