• Biography

Alice Walker is an American novelist, poet, and activist. She is best known for her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Color Purple, which was adapted into a critically acclaimed film. Walker has written numerous other novels, short stories, and essays, and has been an outspoken advocate for civil rights and women's rights.

Early Life

Alice Walker was born on February 9, 1944, in Eatonton, Georgia. She was the youngest of eight children born to Willie Lee and Minnie Lou Grant Walker. Her parents were sharecroppers, and Walker grew up in a poor, rural community. Despite the poverty, Walker's parents encouraged her to pursue her education. She attended Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia, and later transferred to Sarah Lawrence College in New York.

Writing Career

Walker began writing poetry and short stories while in college. Her first published work was a short story, "To Hell with Dying," which appeared in 1967 in the magazine Ms. Walker's first novel, The Third Life of Grange Copeland, was published in 1970. The novel was well-received and earned her a nomination for the National Book Award.

In 1982, Walker published her most famous work, The Color Purple. The novel tells the story of Celie, an African-American woman living in the early 20th century. The novel was a critical and commercial success, and it won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1983. It was later adapted into a critically acclaimed film directed by Steven Spielberg.


Walker has been an outspoken advocate for civil rights and women's rights throughout her career. She has been involved in numerous organizations, including the National Organization for Women, the National Abortion Rights Action League, and the National Women's Political Caucus. She has also been a vocal supporter of the LGBT community, and has spoken out against racism and sexism.

In addition to her activism, Walker has also been a strong supporter of the arts. She has served on the boards of several arts organizations, including the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities. She has also been a vocal advocate for the preservation of African-American culture and history.


Alice Walker is one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. Her work has been praised for its insight into the African-American experience, and her activism has been an inspiration to many. She has been honored with numerous awards, including the National Book Award, the Pulitzer Prize, and the National Humanities Medal. Her legacy will continue to inspire generations to come.

Date modified: Apr 8, 2023
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